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warangal fort

is the largest city and a municipal corporation in Warangal district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in the Telangana region of the state. Warangal is 120 km northeast of the state capital of Hyderabad. Warangal is the administrative seat of Warangal District. It is the fourth largest city in Andhra Pradesh and the 32nd biggest city in India, with a population is 928,570 (including Hanumakonda). (agglomeration 1,077,190) (2006 census),[citation needed]. It is the second largest city in Telangana

Warangal is a major urban centre serving the educational, medical, trading and cultural needs of the people in Telangana region. MGM (Mahatma Gandhi Memorial) hospital serves the medical needs of not only people from Warangal but from all over Telangana.

Warangal District has an area of 12,846 km², and a population of 2,818,832 (1991 census). The district is bounded by Karimnagar District to the north, Khammam District to the east and southeast, Nalgonda District to the southwest, and Medak District to the west. Warangal is well known for granite quarries (notably the black and brown varieties), grain market for rice, chillies, cotton, and tobacco.


Warangal is located at 18.0° N 79.58° E[1]. It has an average elevation of 302 metres (990 feet).


Warangal's economy is predominantly agricultural. It is home to the world's second largest grain market in Enamamula. It is the trading center for the farmers from the Telangana region. This is a rice-growing region and almost all farmers grow rice for both subsistence and the market. Cotton has also been a major cash crop since the early 1990's; however the cotton sector has been troubled in recent years, and there was a well-publicized rash of suicides by cotton farmers in 1997-1998.

Industry has been neglected in the region by successive governments. Some industries existing during the Nizam's rule, like Azam Jahi Mills, have been closed; unemployment in the region may help feed the Naxalite (Peoples War Group) movement. Warangal has several small to medium scale industries but no large scale ones.

The recent government setup an STPI(Software technology parks of India)in NIT warangal with the intention of taking the benefits of the Information Technology revolution to the second tier cities. Several companies have shown interest in setting up operation in Warangal. Warangal makes excellent location because of its proximity to Hyderabad, the student pool from some of the best institutes in the country, good transportation facilites, infrastructure, lower traffic problems etc.

Rivers, canals and waterways


The Pakhal lake is situated in the revenue village of Pakhal in Gudur mandal and is 12 km. to the east of Narasampet and 45 km. East of Warangal. It is an artificial lake formed by a 2000 yards dam across the Pakhal river.

The Laknavaram lake lies in the limits of Laknavaram village in Mulug mandal at a distance of 69.23 km. from Warangal.

The Ramappa lake is situated to the northeast of Warangal in Palampet in Mulug mandal.

The Ghanpur lake, which lies in Mulug mandal is situated in Ghanapuram village. The lake serves an area of nearly 1620 hectares.

In addition to the above lakes, there are some important tanks at Nagaram, Wardhannapet, Arjunpatla, Katakshapuram etc.

Governance and Politics

Warangal is headquarters of the district. It contributes one seat in state legislature and one in Indian Paliament.


Warangal witnessed one of the bloodiest movements in Independent India. In 1969, the people of Telangana raised their voice asking for a separate state. They felt discriminated in the Unified State and wanted to revert back the unification to exist separately as was the case until 1956. Warangal being in the heart of Telangana and an educational center was the brewing ground of the movement and lead it from the front. The students, peasants, government employees all joined their forces. The Indian government crushed the movement using force by bringing in the military. More than 400 Telangana students lost their lives in the struggle. Once again the Telangana Movement started under the leadership of Chandra Sekhar Rao who established a political party by name 'Telangana Rashtra Samiti'(TRS). The party allied with the Indira Congress. The alliance won majority. Y S Rajasekhar Reddy of Congress became the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. Chandra Sekhar Rao became a Union Minister. In 2006, as Congress party was against Telangana sentiment, Chandra Sekhar Rao resigned to his ministry and from Membership of the Parliament. The struggle for separate Telangana state, on intellectual front is spearheaded by the professors of Kakatiya and Osmania universities.


Air : Mamnoor Air port starts with in short period.nearest air port is located at hyderabad.

Rail : Warangal is well connected to all the major cities in India by rail. Kazipet is the Zonal/Divisional headquarters. Kazipet is about 13km from Warangal and is a major railway junction, which also includes a diesel-electric locomotive facility. Kazipet is also known as the GATEWAY TO NORTH INDIA.Proposal of a major major project at kazipet jn by scr that is 3rd Integral coach factory in india which was missed 10 years ago.

Road : Luxury buses ply from Warangal to Bangalore, Madras, Hyderabad, Hubli, available from Warrangal and other cities in Hyderabad, Vijayawada,cherial, Jangaon, Kodad, Karimnagar, Nizamabad, Adilabad, Suryapet, Palampet, Jagtial, Khammam, Bhadrachalam, Basara, Bangalore, Mysore and Tirupati.


As of 2001 India censusGRIndia, Warangal had a population of 528,570. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Warangal has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 64%. In Warangal, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.


State wide news papers like Eenadu and Vaartha are read and regular channels like Etv, Maatv and gemini tv are most watched TV channels.


Cricket and football is most watched and played game.

General Information about Warangal

Summer- Max. 39.6°C and Min. 23.2°C

Winter- Max. 30°C and Min. 13.5°C

Rainfall: 82.5 cm. (June to September)

Best Season: September to February

Population: 447,657 (1991 Census)

STD Code: 08712




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